Your support for our advertisers helps cover the cost of hosting, research, and maintenance of this FAQ

The XML FAQ — Frequently-Asked Questions about the Extensible Markup Language

Section 1: Basics

Q 1.15: Where do I find more information about XML?

Online and offline resources

Online, there's the XML Specification and the ancillary documentation available from the W3C; Robin Cover's XML Cover Pages with an extensive list of online reference material and links to software; and a summary and condensed FAQ from Tim Bray; and thousands of reference resources available by typing ‘xml’ into Google or other search engine.

For offline resources, see the lists of books, articles, and software for XML in Robin Cover's XML Cover Pages (articles and books). That site should always be your first port of call for archived resources.

For access to experts, particularly in consultancy and training, see the XML Guild, whose members form a consortium of some of the best independent XML consultants in the world.

The events listed below are the ones I have been told about. Please mail me if you come across others: there are many other XML events around the world, and most of them are announced at conferences, on Twitter, and on the mailing lists and newsgroups.

Upcoming Events

TEI Conference 2019

The TEI represents the accepted standard XML format for literary and historical texts in the Humanities. The 2019 TEI Conference will be held in Graz, Austria on September 16–20.

MarkupUK 2020

MarkupUK 2020, will take place at Kings College London. Abstract submissions can be sent to


The Balisage markup conference is the principal technical meeting specifically about markup, including both XML and TEX. The 2020 meeting will be held in Rockville MD July 28th to 31st, preceded by a one-day Symposium (The Role of XML in Publishing Accessible Documents) on July 27th.

XML Summerschool

The annual XML Summer School will be held in St Edmund Hall, Oxford on 15–20 September 2019. This week-long event covers everything from an introduction for the beginner up to XML in publishing, transformation with XSLT2 and XQuery, and the use of Linked Data.

TUG 2019

The TEX Users Group 2018 conference will take place August 9–11 (Fri-Sun), 2019, at the Sheraton Hotel in Palo Alto, California (San Francisco Bay Area). Web registration will be available later. Although primarily related to typesetting, many aspects of LATEX are closely related to the use of XML and the handling of structured documents.


The Balisage markup conference was held at the Cambria Hotel, Rockville MD July 30th to August 2nd preceded by a one-day Symposium (Markup Vocabulary Customization) on July 29th.

Computers and Writing Conference

The 2019 Computers and Writing Conference takes place in East Lansing, MI, on June 20–22, 2019. The theme is ‘Mission Critical: Centering Ethical Challenges in Computers and Writing’ but the scope includes the influences of digital writing tools and spaces.

MarkupUK 2019

MarkupUK 2019, which was new in 2018, when it replaced the event formerly known as XML London, took place at Kings College London. Proceedings are now available online.


JATS-Con is a peer-reviewed conference for users of JATS (the NISO Z39.96-2015 Journal Article Tag Suite). JATS-Con 2019 was held at the Wellcome Genome Campus Conference Centre just outside Cambridge, UK, on 20–21 May 2019. This was the 9th conference in the JATS-Con series.

Tech Forum & ebookcraft Conference

The 2019 Tech Forum & ebookcraft Conference took place in the MaRS Discovery District (101 College Street, Toronto), from March 18 to 20, 2019.

XML Prague

XML Prague 2019 was held on 7–9 February 2019 at the University of Economics, nam. W. Churchilla, Prague.

European Association for Digital Humanities 2018

The European Association for Digital Humanities held its inaugural annual conference, on the theme Data in Digital Humanities at the National University of Ireland, Galway from 7–9 December 2018.

MarkupForum 2018

The eighth MarkupForum took place on 16 November 2018 in the Hochschule der Medien (HdM) in Stuttgart with the topic ‘Machine Learning’. This is a meeting for the technically engaged and decision-makers who need to get up to date with new and established XML-related technologies. There was a pre-conference tutorial (15 Nov) on ‘AI applications in automated document processing’.

The XML Debate

The second XML Debate was held at the Oxford Union on Wednesday 12th September 2018 at 8pm. The motion before the house was ‘This house believes that open technology and standards have widened social injustice’. Speakers were Irina Bolychevsky, Dr Michael Kay, Jean Paoli, Massimo Ragnedda, Dr Wanda Wyporska, and Anna Scott. The Chair was Normal Walsh. The motion was tied 38:38.

TEI Conference 2018

The 2018 TEI Consortium Meeting ‘TEI as a Global Language’ was held in Tokyo on September 9–13 in conjunction with the annual conference of the Japanese Society for Digital Humanities.


The Balisage markup conference 2018 was held in Rockville, MD, on July 30–August 3. Proceedings are now online at

TUG 2018

The TEX Users Group 2018 conference took place July 20–22 as an official satellite conference of the International Congress of Mathematicians in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Digital Humanities

The Digital Humanities Conference 2018 was held in Mexico City, hosted by El Colegio de México and the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) on June 26–28, in alliance with the Red de Humanidades Digitales. The use of XML (TEI) markup is a strong feature of DH conferences.


Unfortunately the Practical TEX meeting planned for June 2018 at Rensselaer did not take place.

Markup UK 2018

A new event in 2018, Markup UK took place in London on June 9–10, 2018, in the Skempton Building of Imperial College’s South Kensington campus.

Music Encoding Conference

The Music Encoding Conference 2018 took place in the University of Maryland at College Park on 22–25 May, 2018, with the theme ‘Encoding and Performance’.

XML Prague

XML Prague 2018 was held on 8–10 February 2018 at the University of Economics, nam. W. Churchilla, Prague. Videos of earlier meetings are available on their YouTube channel (link on site).